Verna Lemon

We are confronted with a variety of unknown origin, possibly having been obtained in Murcia based on the italian variety Monachello. Regarding its properties, its skin is somewhat thick, it contains less juice, has a more ovoid shape and in its interior we find only three or four seeds.

It is the most extended variety in Spain, and it presents an intense yellow color.

The Verna lemon tree normally goes through two flowerings each year, although in some occasions it can be extended to three, which are in Spring and Summer, being it possible in Automn as well, but through forced flowering.

The Verna lemon of the third harvest is known as rodrejo lemon.

Botanical characters

Commercial and industrial interest characteristics


The Verna lemon, the most extended variety in our region flowers extemporally when, passed a certain period of lethargy, it goes back to finding favorable conditions to its development. Lethargy in citrics is produced, under normal circumstances, because of inadecuate temperatures or because of lack of humidit. Temperatures above 36º C and inferior to 12º C causing the latency of the citrics; on the contrary, the optimal development happens with temperatures between 22 and 33ºC.

The italian technique of forced production, “verdelli” (our rodrejo), is based precisely in causing the lemon tree’s lethargy in Summer, by means of a 30-40 days drought, which goes from June to the end of July or the beginning of August; then they are fertilized and treated with four waterings following each other with intervals of 3-4 days, using smaller volumes of water for irrigation in the first watering than half of a normal irrigation, and increasing gradually this quantity of water, in order for it to become half of the ordinary quantity by the fourth watering; this way, proggresively, we achieve a watering with normal flow and intervals.